From Wed Nov 11 22:17:28 1998
Date: Wed, 11 Nov 1998 13:10:17 -0000
From: Gab. Dr. Ramos Horta 
To: "''" 
Subject: CNRT Krumbach Declaration

Krumbach Declaration

3 November 1998

The political environment in which the fourth All Inclusive
Intra-Timorese Dialogue (AIETD) is taking place in Krumbach,
Austria, is dramatically different from that of the prior
AIETD meetings.

Many myths and taboos were shattered by the events that
occurred over the last few months in Indonesia and the region
in general. These events confirmed the eternal truth that
tyranny and other forms of oppression, subjuga tion and armed
domination always succumb to the force of reason, justice,
the determination and faith of the peoples fighting for
freedom and independence.

The economic and financial crisis in Asia demystified the
Asian "economic tigers" and the alleged superiority of the
"Asian values" that were put forward over the last decade to
negate the universality and indivisibility of human rights.

Only one truth remains - freedom, democracy and rule of law
are the only guarantees of true peace, stability, social
progress and development.

The East Timorese people who have survived some 500 years of
colonization, invasion by the Empire of the Rising Sun in
1942-45, and the Indonesian occupation since 1975,  have
clearly demonstrated its unfailing faith and determination to
the world.


We, the undersigned, participants to the fourth AIETD,
residing in East Timor and abroad, representing a wide and
representative spectrum of our people - youth and student
movements, women, workers, intellectuals and prof essionals of
the most varied fields, religious confessions and political
sensibilities - gathered in Krumbach Kastle from  31 October
to  3 November 1998, bearing in mind our people's aspirations
and demands, decided to:

A.	Reiterate our deep appreciation and gratitude to the
    Austrian Government for its support which made possible
    the successive AIETD meetings;

B.	Extend the same appreciation and gratitude to all the
    governments and institutions that have contributed to and
    thus made these meetings possible;

C.	Reaffirm our trust in and sincere appreciation to the UN
    Secretary General and his staff for the dynamic, creative
    and serious way in which they have been dealing with the
    question, exploring all the possible ways to r each a

D.	Reiterate our support to Bishops D. Carlos Filipe Ximenes
    Belo and  D. Basilio do Nascimento in their generous
    efforts in leading the East Timorese people in the quest
    for peace, freedom and reconciliation;

E.	Register with satisfaction the contents of Bishop Ximenes
    Belo's message to the fourth AIETD in which the East
    Timorese prelate and Nobel Peace Laureate welcomes the
    "new winds of change" that blow in East Timor, saying
    that "something is moving in the decolonization process of
    East Timor", and noting that East Timor had ceased to be
    an "internal issue" for Indonesia. The Bishop of Dili also
    underlined in his message that "the people is always
    sovereign in its decisions and would thus have to
    determine what is best";

F.	Support D. Ximenes Belo's proposal that the AIETD start
    thinking about the creation of a transitional government.

G.	Register D. Ximenes Belo's affirmation that "without the
    participation of Mr. Jose Alexandre Gusm°o, a.k.a. Xanana
    Gusm°o, the question of East Timor will always remain a
    problem to be solved".

Bearing this in mind, the undersigned, analyzing the
evolution of the question of East Timor, decide to clarify
the follow:

I - The demise of dictator Suharto and the empty promises of
    BJ Habibie

1.	We commend effusively the Indonesian pro-democracy
    movement for bringing about the demise of dictator Suharto
    and initiating the still fragile and incipient process of
    economic and political reforms. The Indonesian people has
    been the victim, just as we have, of the same oppressive,
    corrupt and authoritarian regime that has imprisoned,
    tortured and massacred thousands of people in East Timor
    and Indonesia itself. But the fall of the hat eful
    dictator has not automatically brought about justice for
    East Timor.  Today, as yesterday, the Habibie government
    continues to ignore the engagement taken before the
    international community to release all East Timorese
    political prisoners, as the Suharto government did.

2.	Our leader Xanana Gusm°o, President of the CNRT, is still
    in prison.

3.	The presence of the Indonesian military in East Timor is
    violent and in violation of all human values. We commend
    the removal of general Prabowo Subianto, responsible for
    war crimes and crimes against humanity perpetra ted in
    East Timor throughout his carrier. But general Prabowo and
    other Indonesian high-ranking officers must be tried and
    punished for the crimes they committed against the East
    Timorese people.

4.	We demand the immediate and unconditional release of all
    East Timorese prisoners and our leader Xanana Gusm°o, CNRT

5.	We condemn the new Indonesian military offensives carried
    out by the Indonesian armed forces stationed in East

6.	We denounce the lack of good faith and honesty on the part
    of the Indonesian government for not keeping the promises
    Habibie made to our estimated bishops D. Carlos Filipe
    Ximenes Belo and D. Basilio do Nascimento to w ithdraw
    quickly and massively hundreds of Indonesian soldiers in
    August. By mid-September, just over a month after the
    August farce, at least ten battalions were introduced in
    East Timor.

II - Demilitarization and Pacification

We demand the following under the supervision of the United

1.	The cessation of all armed activity.

2.	The immediate withdrawal of the majority of the Indonesian
    forces from East Timor to a number agreed on by all four
    parties - the UN, Portugal, Indonesia and the East
    Timorese Resistance.

3.	The remaining Indonesian troops should be stationed in
    uninhabited areas to be identified and agreed upon.

4.	All armed and paramilitary groups created  by the
    Indonesian military must be dismantled.

5.	The collection of all weapons and ammunitions in the
    possession of individuals and private groups.

We commend:

The repeated declarations of the FALINTIL Command that they
would observe a cease-fired agreed upon in a UN supervised

We call on:

1.	The international community to establish a special fund to
    be used as incentive for those who will surrender weapons
    in exchange for cash, food, agriculture seeds, tools and
    transport vehicles.

2.	The training by the UN of a Timorese police force.

3.	The establishment of a UN Peace Keeping Force in East

III - We demand that the emigration of Indonesians to East
      Timor be suspended until the promulgation of the
      Immigration Law by the Timorese Legislative Assembly
      elected in the context of the transition process agreed
      upon by all parties.

IV - Development and Humanitarian Aid Programs

We commend:

The meeting of experts that took place in Vilamoura, Portugal
from October 21 to 24 to formulate a strategic sustainable
development plan for East Timor.

We call on the World Bank to:

Urgently develop an autonomous aid program specifically for
East Timor in the following areas:

A.	Development of the Primary Sector:
      Agriculture and animal husbandry

B.	Commerce Aid for the development of small trade and
	  business with credit and loans similar to those
	  established by the Grameen Bank scheme.

C.	Industry
    - Aid for the development of small industries
    - Aid for the development of traditional crafts for

D.  Human resources: training of human resources in banking
    and finance through courses, practical training schemes
    and seminars at the World Bank Headquarters in Washington
    or in East Timor.

E.  Cultural heritage: through special programs of the World
    Bank for the recuperation, preservation and
    revitalization of the historic and cultural heritage of
    the East Timorese people, particularly its traditional
    languag es such as Tetum, sacred sites and historical
    monuments, etc?

F.  We ask the World Bank, through its Post-Conflict
    Programme, to undertake an evaluation of the current
    situation in East Timor with a view towards developing a
    global reconstruction plan for East Timor.

V - UN Development and Humanitarian Agencies

We commend and thank the Department of Humanitarian
Coordination of the United Nations for the interest it
manifested in the situation in East Timor.

We call for:

1.	immediate assistance to alleviate the suffering of the
    East Timorese people, in particular of the women and
    children, silent victims of the occupation, victims of the
    economic and financial crisis deeply affecting Indo nesia
    and its neighbors.  2.	 UNICEF, UNDP, WHO, WFP, FAO,
    UNIFEM to bring humanitarian and development aid quickly
    to East Timor.

VI - Population Census 

	As it is necessary and urgent to establish with
scientific precision the size and composition of the East
Timorese population, we call on the UN to carry out urgently
a census of the East Timorese population.

VII - Economic Indexes

    As it is always the case with dictatorships and
authoritarian regimes, the statistics are manipulated to meet
the fancy of whoever is in power. The Soviet Union and
Indonesia are two examples of this phenomenon. No rigorou s
strategic development plan for East Timor can be established
without the collection of accurate data and analysis of all
East Timor's  economic indexes, namely a census of the
population, production indicators in all are as from economy
to health, education, etc?

We thus call on the UN Secretary General, the World Bank,
UNDP and other competent agencies to coordinate their efforts
to undertake a rigorous data collection.

VIII - Human Rights and Justice

We appeal to the High Commissioner for Human Rights to
establish urgently a permanent presence in Dili and other
places in East Timor to ensure:

1.  the promotion and protection of human rights

2.  the organization of seminar and training courses for
    human rights defenders

3.  the promotion of a culture of peace, tolerance, dialogue
    and reconciliation

We demand that the occupying Indonesian authorities:

1.	end immediately arbitrary detention

2.	cancel the "black list" of East Timorese activists in
    exile so as to permit their access to the territory

3.	cancel the "black list" inside the territory so as to
    permit the free circulation of the population in East Timor

4.	the immediate end of torture, summary and arbitrary

5.	the end of violations of the East Timorese women, and in
    this regard, we call on the Committee for the Elimination
    of the Discrimination against Women to investigate and
    prepare an urgent report on the condition of wom en in
    East Timor

6.	the end of the forced prostitution of the East Timorese

We ask the UN Voluntary Fund to support the victims of
torture as well as other competent institutions, included
governments, to set up a Rehabilitation Program in East Timor
and abroad to assist these victims.

IX - Environment

The East Timorese  environment is severely affected as a
result of a deliberate strategy of the Indonesian military to
destroy the East Timorese forests  in its offensive against
the armed resistance. As it happened in Sum atra and
Kalimantam, the extraction of wood and the "transmigrasi"
program have contributed to the deterioration of Nature in
East Timor.

We thus call on the competent UN bodies and the World Bank to
take into account environmental rehabilitation and protection
as part of a sustainable development strategy in East Timor.

X - Education

1. The East Timorese education system must be entirely revised
   to reflect the East Timorese history,  tradition and
   culture and to serve the true interests of East Timor.

2. Bearing this in mind, we demand the amelioration and
   expansion of the polytechnics, teaching colleges and
   university, oriented by East Timor's needs, with technical
   training programs in areas considered as priorities.

3. We demand the introduction of Tetum and the reintroduction
   of Portuguese in all schools in East Timor, starting at
   primary school.

4. We ask Portugal to promote - in conjunction with the CPLP
   member countries,  a teachers training program in
   Portuguese language.

XI - Towards a Political Solution

1. The future of East Timor can only be decided by the people
   freely, without restriction or coercion in the exercise of
   their fundamental right to self-determination in an
   international judicial framework.

2. In this sense, all the relevant UN resolutions on the
   question of East Timor must be taken into account in so far
   as these resolutions were adopted by the international
   community in reaction to actions violating the fun damental
   and inalienable rights of the East Timorese people.

3. We cannot comment in any depth or details on the autonomy
   plan proposed by the UN that has already been presented to
   the Foreign Ministers of Portugal and Indonesia as we have
   not had access to the said document.

4. The East Timorese people as a whole will repudiate any
   agreement sealed between the two parties without the East
   Timorese consent.

5. We thus demand the adoption of a new format for the
   negotiations that would allow the full involvement of the
   East Timorese people in the negotiation on the future of
   East Timor. We support a negotiation process involvi ng the
   direct participation of the CNRT led by Xanana Gusmao
   aiming at the establishment of a transitional
   administration for a specific period of time in keeping
   with international law, without prejudicing the position of
   principle of each of the parties involved.

6. We reiterate that any solution for East Timor must be
   reached through dialogue.

7. We declare our full support to the UN Secretary General
   Kofi Annan in the search for a solution for East Timor.

8. We believe that only a process that would respect the true
   aspirations and highest interests of the East Timorese
   people would viable on the ground.

9. In this framework , we are prepared to take into
   consideration whichever proposal aiming at a peaceful
   transition leading to a final solution that, to be valid
   and internationally acceptable, must be approved by way of
   a referendum on self-determination under UN supervision.

XI - All Inclusive Intra-Timorese Dialogue

The present format of the AIETD does not correspond to the
demands of the current reality. We believe in the  virtue of
a true intra-Timorese dialogue, but this dialogue will
produce palpable results only when it takes pla ce in East
Timor and involves the clerical, political hierarchies and
traditional authorities among others.

Because we are aware of the necessity of an authentic
reconciliation process among the East Timorese, we commend
Bishops D. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and D. Basilio do
Nascimento for the efforts they have made towards the social
and political harmonization of the East Timorese people.

We also commend Rev. Arlindo Mar‡al, President of the
Christian Council of East Timor, for his efforts to raise
awareness, foster dialogue and harmony  within the East
Timorese society.

In keeping with our own convictions and corresponding to the
appeal of the UN Secretary General, we call for non-violence,
tolerance and respect of private and public property.

We proudly register the discipline demonstrated by our
people. We register and recall that since Suharto's fall, and
in spite of the provocations of the Indonesian military our
people never gave in to the temptation of ven geance and
retaliation against the Indonesian migrants and East Timorese
collaborators. On the other hand, we condemn the
irresponsible and   reprehensible behavior of the Indonesian
military and other members of the Indon esian repressive


- Official translation of the original version in Portuguese
signed in Krumbach on 3 November 1998 -