[This is the unpublished memorandum by the Secretary-General elaborating on his expectations concerning security for the consultation. Indonesia has agreed to this.]


The Secretary-General has been entrusted by the Governments of Indonesia and Portugal to organize and conduct a popular consultation in East Timor by the 8th August 1999. He wishes to share with the two Governments some elements that are usual requirements in United Nations operations of this kind. While under the provisions of the Security Agreement it is Indonesia's responsibility to ensure that a peaceful environment exists for the holding of a free and fair ballot, the Secretary-General has been called upon to ascertain that the necessary security situation exists for the peaceful implementation of the consultation process.

Therefore, the Secretary-General wishes to convey to the two parties the main elements that will need to be in place in order to enable him to determine that the necessary security conditions exist for the start of the operational phases of the consultation process:

  1. as an urgent first step, the bringing of armed civilian groups under strict control and discipline;
  2. an immediate ban on rallies by armed groups while ensuring the freedom of all political groups and tendencies, including both pro-integration elements and also the CNRT and other pro- independence forces, to organize and conduct peaceful political activities;
  3. the prompt arrest and prosecution of those who incite or threaten to use violence against others. In this connection, it has been noted with concern that public threats have already issued to the United Nations by certain individuals;
  4. assumption by the Indonesian Police of sole responsibility for the maintenance of law and order;
  5. redeployment of Indonesian military forces:
  6. free access to the mass media for the United Nations as well as both sides of the political divide in East Timor;
  7. full participation of the United Nations in the Commission on Peace and Stability, which should provide a forum for all parties to address and resolve effectively issues relating to compliance with the agreement during the consultative process and for resolving disputes and frictions on the ground; and
  8. the immediate institution of a process of laying down of arms by all armed groups, to be completed well in advance of the holding of the ballot.

4 May 1999